CSC 2.0 pd0 Preliminary Detections List (3 August 2015)
Please see the September 2017 preliminary detections list (CSC 2.0 pd2).
The initial edition of the preliminary detections list (designated CSC 2.0 pd0) was made available on 2015 August 03, and includes 241,074 preliminary detections covering the range 0h18h RA. After CSC 2.0 pd0 was made available, an issue was identified in the catalog source detection pipeline that may have resulted in incorrect parameters being determined for a few percent of the detections (and which may have affected positions for a very small number of detections). Users should carefully review the caveats listed below, and consider verifying critical detection properties independently if CSC 2.0 pd0 data are utilized for detectionspecific studies. Statistical studies should not be affected significantly. All the impacted detections have since been reprocessed.
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Preliminary detections
Contents
Data Access
The August 2015 release of the data is available at:
 preliminary_detlist.201508.fits.gz (37 Mb compressed and 83 Mb uncompressed)
It contains the results of Maximum Likelihood Estimator (MLE) fits to the candidate source detections. The column definitions and Caveats for this file can be found below. The file contains 241074 detections, with 163869 labelled as SRC_QUALITY = ‘TRUE’ and 77205 (32%) with SRC_QUALITY = ‘MARGINAL’. When split by EXTSRC_CLASS, there are 237892 detections with a value of ‘POINT’, 2716 (1%) with ‘EXTENDED’, and 466 (0.2%) with ‘POSSIBLE’. The breakdown by EBAND  the energy band correponding to the measured values  there are 186238 broad band ('b'), 195 ultrasoft ('u'), 17200 soft ('s'), 16876 medium ('m'), 18895 hard ('h'), and 1670 wide (HRC) band ('w') rows; the band definitions are the same as in release 1. There are 200 detections with STREAK_SRC_FLAG = TRUE.
Column Definitions
unix% dmlist preliminary_detlist.201508.fits blocks  Dataset: preliminary_detlist.201508.fits  Block Name Type Dimensions  Block 1: Null Block 2: DETLIST Table 48 cols x 241074 rows
DETLIST HDU: PRELIMINARY DETECTIONS LIST
Column name  Units  Comment  Example  Data type  FITS format  Notes 

DETECT_ID  Stack_id.component  'acisfJ0123456p012345_001.0001'  string  29A  
LIKELIHOOD  Highest source log likelihood  100.0  double  1D  Highest source likelihood  
SRC_QUALITY  Preliminary source quality  'TRUE'  string  8A  Values are 'TRUE' or 'MARGINAL' and are based on comparison of likelihood with draft catalog thresholds.  
EBAND  Energy band of maximum likelihood value  'b'  string  1A  Energy band corresponding to likelihood value; Science energy band designation (i.e., lower case) not detect energy band: one of 'b', 'u', 's', 'm', 'h', or 'w'.  
THETA  arcmin  Highest likelihood src model mean offaxis ang  0.0  double  1D  Corresponds to fitted [x,y] 
STREAK_SRC_FLAG  Is source on a streak?  'F'  logical  1L  
RA  deg  Highest likelihood source model position RA  20.94000  double  1D  
DEC  deg  Highest likelihood source model position Dec  1.39583  double  1D  
ERR_ELLIPSE_RA  deg  95% confidence error ellipse position RA  20.94000  double  1D  95% confidence error ellipse RA in deg; 0.0 <= ERR_ELLIPSE_RA < 360.0 
ERR_ELLIPSE_DEC  deg  95% confidence error ellipse position Dec  1.39583  double  1D  95% confidence error ellipse Dec in deg; 90.0 <= SRC_ERR_ELLIPSE_DEC_B <= +90.0 
ERR_ELLIPSE_R0  arcsec  95% confidence error ellipse semimajor axis  0.35  double  1D  95% confidence error ellipse semimajor axis radius in arcsec 
ERR_ELLIPSE_R1  arcsec  95% confidence error ellipse semiminor axis  0.30  double  1D  95% confidence error ellipse semiminor axis radius in arcsec 
ERR_ELLIPSE_ANG  deg  95% confidence error ellipse smaj axis rotang  60.0  double  1D  95% confidence error ellipse rotation angle of semimajor axis; 0.0 <= ERR_ELLIPSE_ANG < 180.0; 0.0 along SKY +X, 90.0 along SKY +Y 
SRC_RDATA_B  count  Raw data counts in ECF90 aperture ACIS b band  100  long  1J  
SRC_AMPL_B  photon/cm**2/s  Best fit point src model amplitude ACIS b band  1.00E08  double  1D  
SRC_AMPL_LOLIM_B  photon/cm**2/s  68% confidence lower limit on SRC_AMPL_B  9.00E09  double  1D  
SRC_AMPL_HILIM_B  photon/cm**2/s  68% confidence upper limit on SRC_AMPL_B  1.10E08  double  1D  
SRC_RDATA_S  count  Raw data counts in ECF90 aperture ACIS s band  30  long  1J  
SRC_AMPL_S  photon/cm**2/s  Best fit point src model amplitude ACIS s band  3.00E09  double  1D  
SRC_AMPL_LOLIM_S  photon/cm**2/s  68% confidence lower limit on SRC_AMPL_S  2.00E09  double  1D  
SRC_AMPL_HILIM_S  photon/cm**2/s  68% confidence upper limit on SRC_AMPL_S  4.00E09  double  1D  
SRC_RDATA_M  count  Raw data counts in ECF90 aperture ACIS m band  50  long  1J  
SRC_AMPL_M  photon/cm**2/s  Best fit point src model amplitude ACIS m band  5.00E09  double  1D  
SRC_AMPL_LOLIM_M  photon/cm**2/s  68% confidence lower limit on SRC_AMPL_M  4.00E10  double  1D  
SRC_AMPL_HILIM_M  photon/cm**2/s  68% confidence upper limit on SRC_AMPL_M  6.00E09  double  1D  
SRC_RDATA_H  count  Raw data counts in ECF90 aperture ACIS h band  20  long  1J  
SRC_AMPL_H  photon/cm**2/s  Best fit point src model amplitude ACIS h band  2.00E09  double  1D  
SRC_AMPL_LOLIM_H  photon/cm**2/s  68% confidence lower limit on SRC_AMPL_H  1.00E09  double  1D  
SRC_AMPL_HILIM_H  photon/cm**2/s  68% confidence upper limit on SRC_AMPL_H  3.00E09  double  1D  
SRC_RDATA_W  count  Raw data counts in ECF90 aperture HRC w band  TNULL  long  1J  
SRC_AMPL_W  photon/cm**2/s  Best fit point src model amplitude HRC w band  NaN  double  1D  
SRC_AMPL_LOLIM_W  photon/cm**2/s  68% confidence lower limit on SRC_AMPL_W  NaN  double  1D  
SRC_AMPL_HILIM_W  photon/cm**2/s  68% confidence upper limit on SRC_AMPL_W  NaN  double  1D  
EBAND_EXT  Energy band of extended source model properties  's'  string  1A  Energy band corresponding to reported extended source parameters: set to ' ' if not evaluated, otherwise one of 'b', 'u', 's', 'm', 'h', or 'w'.  
EXTSRC_CLASS  Extended source classification  'POSSIBLE'  string  8A  'POINT', 'EXTENDED', or 'POSSIBLE'  
EXT_RDATA  count  Raw data counts in source region aperture  40  long  1J  
EXT_AMPL  photon/cm**2/s  Best fit ext src model amplitude  2.50E09  double  1D  
EXT_AMPL_LOLIM  photon/cm**2/s  68% confidence lower limit on EXT_AMPL  1.50E09  double  1D  
EXT_AMPL_HILIM  photon/cm**2/s  68% confidence upper limit on EXT_AMPL  3.50E09  double  1D  
EXT_SMAJ  arcsec  Best fit extended source model semimajor axis  5.0  double  1D  
EXT_SMIN  arcsec  Best fit extended source model semiminor axis  3.5  double  1D  
EXT_ROTANG  deg  Best fit extended source model rotation angle  30.0  double  1D  
EXT_SMAJ_LOLIM  arcsec  68% confidence lower limit on EXT_SMAJ  4.5  double  1D  
EXT_SMAJ_HILIM  arcsec  68% confidence upper limit on EXT_SMAJ  5.5  double  1D  
EXT_SMIN_LOLIM  arcsec  68% confidence lower limit on EXT_SMIN  3.0  double  1D  
EXT_SMIN_HILIM  arcsec  68% confidence upper limit on EXT_SMIN  4.0  double  1D  
EXT_ROTANG_LOLIM  deg  68% confidence lower limit on EXT_ROTANG  10.0  double  1D  
EXT_ROTANG_HILIM  deg  68% confidence upper limit on EXT_ROTANG  50.0  double  1D 
Caveats

This version of the preliminary detections table is constructed from a partial run of Chandra observations that will be included in release 2.0 of the CSC. In particular:

The table is very incomplete. Only a subset of ACIS and HRCI fields in the range 0–18 hr RA has been processed to date.

Many fields have not yet competed processing or are awaiting manual quality assurance review (this is especially true for more complex or crowded fields).


The detections have not undergone complete quality assurance review, and may include detections that will be rejected by the final catalog quality assurance analyses, or that will be reprocessed to resolve the identified issues. In particular:

Detections identified near the edges of (stacked observation) fields, near edges of individual observations within observation stacks, near areas of extended emission, and on readout streaks, may have a higher than nominal false detection rate. If this is a concern, we recommend that users review images of the individual observations from the Chandra Data Archive (e.g. using the Chandra Footprint Service).

Although the concern is primarily for “faint” detections (those with SRC_QUALITY = ‘MARGINAL’), very bright (saturated or “piledup”) detections will also be compromised. Note that detections that are identified as extremely piledup (cratered) will have LIKELIHOOD = +Inf.

Some compact detections identified as definitely or possibly extended (EXTSRC_CLASS = ‘EXTENDED’ or ‘POSSIBLE’) may actually consist of a close association (typically a pair or triple) of point detections. These will be resolved in the final catalog release.


The preliminary detections table includes detections and not sources. In particular:

Sources that are detected in multiple observation stacks are not combined in any way. Each detection is reported separately.

Offaxis detections from one observation stack may correspond to multiple detections in another observation stack where the detections are onaxis. These matches will be resolved in second major catalog processing phase

As a consequence of the above source names have not yet been assigned. Instead, an identifier (given in the DETECT_ID column) has been provided for each detection.


Detections are categorized as ‘MARGINAL’ or ‘TRUE’ (recorded in the SRC_QUALITY column) depending on their likelihood evaluated by the new maximum likelihood estimator tool. These categorizations are preliminary and will change in the final catalog. In particular:

In the preliminary detections table the thresholds for determining whether detections are ‘TRUE’ or ‘MARGINAL’ (or false) are set somewhat conservatively, particularly for offaxis angles θ ≲ 5–8′. The final catalog is expected to include considerably fainter detections, especially for θ ≲ 5–8′.

The likelihood values reported in the preliminary detections table (the LIKELIHOOD column) are not normalized in any way.


Position errors are reported in the form of an error ellipse that records the statistical confidence limits derived from a Markov chain Monte Carlo analysis of the fitted source model. The position error ellipse does not include the absolute uncertainty in the astrometry relative to the reference frame. The latter will not be determined until the second major catalog processing phase. However, the systematic error derived from release 1 of the catalog (0.16 arcseconds radial) should be a reasonable approximation to the final value.

Fit amplitudes are provided as proxies for the full Bayesian aperture photometry analysis that will be included in the final catalog (see the photometrycomparison plot below). While these are expected to be reasonably reliable for relative photometry on a statistical basis, systematic uncertainties for a single detection basis may be large. Detailed Bayesian Xray aperture photometry for each source will be calculated as part of the second major catalog processing phase.

Miscellaneous notes:

Detections near the edges of the field of each observation, or near the gap between adjacent backilluminated and frontilluminated ACISS CCDs, or on bright ACIS readout streaks, are not included. This is intentional because these detector areas had an excessively high false source rate in release 1 of the catalog. In the final catalog release, the detection sensitivity will be set to zero in these areas. However, detection sensitivity information will not be available until completion of the second major catalog processing phase.

Only point and compact detections are included. Extended (“convex hull”) detections are not included in the preliminary detections table, but will appear in the final catalog release.

The maximum likelihood estimator fits are incorrect for a small percentage (~0.4%) of detections. The properties for these detections will be poorly determined and the actual errors will likely exceed the reported confidence intervals. Unfortunately, there is no simple way for the user to determine which detections in the preliminary detections table are affected at this time.

A (very) small number of (bright) detections on ACIS readout streaks may be missing in the preliminary detections table.

Calibration of confidence intervals is preliminary. The reported confidence intervals may not exactly match the specified limits (typically 68% or 95% confidence limits).
