Chandra X-Ray Observatory
	(CXC)
Skip to the navigation links
Last modified: 19 December 2016

URL: http://cxc.harvard.edu/ciao/why/acistgain.html

ACIS Time-dependent Gain


The tool acis_process_events includes a time-dependent gain (TGAIN) adjustment. This adjustment is necessary because the "effective gains" of the detectors are drifting with time as the result of an increasing CTI.

The TGAIN corrections are applied to ACIS datasets when acis_process_events is run in standard data processing. New TGAIN files are released on a regular basis, though, so users may need to reprocess the data by running the chandra_repro script or by following the Create a New Level=2 Event File thread.

Summary of the Correction

TGAIN calibration data is available for:

The observation date and focal plane temperature are recorded in the header of the event file:

unix% dmkeypar acis_evt2.fits DATE-OBS echo+
2008-01-19T20:41:39

unix% dmkeypar acis_evt2.fits FP_TEMP echo+
153.60722351

What Analyses are Affected?

Users interested in CCD spectroscopy should apply the gain adjustment. Grating spectroscopy benefits as well, in the form of improved order sorting. It is not necessary to apply this adjustment if you are only doing timing or imaging analysis, but it will not have a negative effect, either.

TGAIN header keywords

Information on the TGAIN correction which has been applied is stored in the TGAINCOR and TGAINFIL header keyword values:

unix% dmlist acis_1838_new_evt1.fits header | grep TGAIN
0074 TGAINCOR             T                              String
0075 TGAINFIL             acisD2000-08-01t_gainN0006.fits String

TGAINCOR is set to "T" for true. If either of these keywords is missing or set to a different value ("F" or "none"), the gain adjustment was not applied.

Also, a PHA_RO column should exist in the output file and contain non-zero values:

unix% dmlist acis_1838_new_evt1.fits"[cols PHA_RO]" data rows="1:5"
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data for Table Block EVENTS
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
ROW    pha_ro
 
     1        202
     2        183
     3        107
     4       2399
     5       3660

It is recommended that you keep this column in your data file (i.e. do not use a DM filter to remove it). These are the original (RO = readout) PHA values which are needed if you later want to rerun with new calibration.

Technical Details

Technical details can be found in the Corrections for Time-dependence of ACIS Gain calibration page.


Last modified: 19 December 2016
Smithsonian Institute Smithsonian Institute

The Chandra X-Ray Center (CXC) is operated for NASA by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.   Email:   cxchelp@head.cfa.harvard.edu Smithsonian Institution, Copyright © 1998-2017. All rights reserved.