Overview: Reprojecting Files
CIAO 4.2 Science Threads
Last Update: 8 Feb 2010 - reviewed for CIAO 4.2: no changes
This thread describes the five tools available in CIAO for reprojecting event, image, and aspect files, and provides links to the threads that use them.
- reproject_aspect: minimize position differences between two files
- reproject_events: regrid an event file to a common tangent point
- reproject_image: match one image to another
- reproject_image_grid: project an image to a WCS grid
- sso_freeze: reproject a solar system object
- Note: using stacks of input files
reproject_aspect applies corrections for translation, scale, and rotation to the WCS of a file. It compares two sets of source lists from the same sky region. If three or more sources are found to be a close match in position, the tool calculates the transformation that relates the two files and updates the WCS mapping from SKY(X,Y) to (RA,Dec) either by modifying the aspect solution or by revising the WCS keywords, depending on how the parameters are set.
This tool is the most accurate method of reprojecting a file, but does depend on source lists for each observation being available. Note that the source list from the archive (src2.fits file) is not accurate enough for use with this tool. Users should create a new source list by running one of the detect tools; wavdetect is recommended because of its ability to separate closely-spaced point sources. The Running wavdetect thread illustrates how to use the tool.
reproject_events calculates new sky coordinates for the input event file using the WCS from the match file. There are two modes of operation:
- the new sky coordinates are evaluated assuming the old aspect solution was correct
- the user supplies a new aspect solution and the sky coordinates are calculated from scratch, independent of the original aspect solution.
Refer to the help file for details on each approach.
reproject_image maps an image in one WCS reference frame to the WCS of a match image. If a match image is not available, use reproject_image_grid instead.
reproject_image has a parameter (method) which controls whether the input files are summed or averaged together; "sum" is typically used to reproject the counts image and "average" is used to reproject the exposure map when making fluxed images.
reproject_image_grid maps an image in one WCS reference frame to a specified WCS grid. This tool works similarly to reproject_image, but does not require a match image.
reproject_image_grid has a parameter (method) which controls whether the input files are summed or averaged together; "sum" is typically used to reproject the counts image and "average" is used to reproject the exposure map when making fluxed images.
sso_freeze reprojects the coordinates in an event file from the frame fixed to the celestial sphere to the frame of the object. This eliminates the blur that occurs when an object (e.g. a planet or comet) is observed moving with respect to the observer. The tool can also create an object-centered aspect solution file, which may then be used to generate an exposure map or response file (ARF) for the data.
All of the reproject tools can take a stack of files in the input parameter, but they do not all handle the stack in the same way. For instance, reproject_events creates a separate output file for each item in an input stack, while reproject_image creates a single merged image from the stack. Refer to the individual tool help files for details on how they handle a stack of input files.
|04 Apr 2006||new for CIAO 3.3: original version|
|24 Apr 2006||The Correcting Absolute Astrometry with reproject_aspect thread is now available; link added to this thread|
|06 Jun 2006||added "Merging Data from Multiple Imaging Observations" thread to reproject_aspect section|
|01 Dec 2006||reviewed for CIAO 3.4: no changes|
|18 Jan 2008||updated for CIAO 4.0: sso_freeze can create object-centered aspect solution (added Object-centered Aspect Solution thread link)|
|07 Jan 2009||reviewed for CIAO 4.1: no changes|
|08 Feb 2010||reviewed for CIAO 4.2: no changes|